Tapering pieces of wood, more or less round in cross section, used to secure sewing-support slips in holes drilled in wooden boards. Although single pegs were normally used, multiple pegs can sometimes be found where the hole was much larger than the slip.
Loop tackets in which the tacket is passed from the outside of the binding (either through a gathering, between two gatherings, under the sewing supports on the spine or around the sewing support slips at each joint) to the inside, where the loose ends are twisted together to secure them.
The process of sewing groups of leaves to sewing supports in a process similar to stitching, but incoporating the sewing supports at the same time. A complete textblock may therefore have multiple oversewn groups of leaves. Oversewing is most often found on books consisting entirely of or with large numbers of single leaves.
The Arts and Architecture Thesaurus Online, The Getty Research Institute.
Bernard Middleton, A history of English Craft Bookbinding Techniques, New Castle, London, Oak Knoll Press, The British Library, 1994 (4th ed.)
Securing the slips in a paper board by hammering the board flat around the sewing-support slips laced through them, which closes the hole and pinches the slips tightly to hold them in place. The process was often reinforced by working some adhesive into the slips before they were laced through the boards.
Sewing stations are created by passing a thread through a spine fold when sewing a book. Each sewing support will therefore correspond to a sewing station. Sewing stations include change-over stations or chain-stitch stations in an unsupported structure. Some broad sewing supports have a sewing hole on each side of them and these should count as a single sewing station with two holes (two-hole sewing station). Very occasionally, three-hole stations may be encountered. In a structure with sewing supports there will usually be a change-over station above and below the supported area of the spine, thus adding two extra stations to the number of sewing supports. If there are no separate change-over stations, the number of sewing stations will be the same as the number of sewing supports. In some German bindings with Kapitalbünde, the binders worked chainstitches across the spine between the Kapitalbünde and the closest sewing supports, thus creating two additional stations. In some English bindings of the second half of the seventeenth century with bookblocks sewn on recessed sewing supports, additional recesses were cut across the spine between the sewing supports and sometimes also at head and tail close to the change-over stations to allow the spine adhesive to penetrate to the inner bifolia of the gatherings in order to reinforce multi-section sewing and the often rather weak structures found on such books. The term sewing station has been used by some writers to include only those stations where there are sewing supports and not to include the change-over stations, but this would mean that unsupported sewing structures would have no sewing stations at all, which is clearly not the case. Sewing stations can either be made as a book is sewn by pushing a needle through the spine folds of otherwise unmarked gatherings, or they can be prepared in advance of sewing (marking up), which will result in neater, faster and more regular sewing. Different methods were used to do this.
A binding with a case attached to a bookblock by means of the sewing support and/or endband slips.
The attachment of boards to sewn bookblocks by means of the slips of the sewing supports.
Lacing the slips from sewing supports and/or endbands through the cover or boards of a book.
A strip of sheet material usually placed across the panel formed between two sewing stations, and occasionally over an individual sewing support, and which extends beyond on both sides the width of the spine, to form lining extensions at each end. Panel transverse linings are almost always found only on bindings with raised sewing supports, with one lining to each panel, whereas sewing support transverse linings will only be found on bindings with recessed sewing supports. On some bindings with widely-spaced sewing supports they can be found used in pairs in which case each should be described separately as they may be made from different materials. The panel transverse lining is one of the most common types of spine lining, and was used in all European countries from the fifteenth to the eighteenth century, though it was much less commonly used in France and Britain than elsewhere, even allowing for a general reluctance in Britain to use spine linings at all. There is a marked difference in the height of the linings within the panels formed by the sewing supports between northern and southern Europe. South of the Alps and in Spain, the linings will generally fill the entire height of the panels in which they are found (full-height transverse spine linings), whereas in Germany and the Low Countries, they are more likely to be much narrower, often filling less than 50% of the height of the panel (narrow transverse spine linings).