alternative labels included

Broader term: 
vocabulary structure
GREENFIELD, J. (2002). ABC of bookbinding. New Castle, Del, Oak Knoll. 3 glossaries (see description), 1 index; drawings accompanying scope notes Glossary of bookbinding terms; glossary of bookbinding's structural evolution; Glossary of binders, designers and styles of decoration; Index of binder's decorations.

Glossary of the paper conservation group of the American Institute for Conservation "This page was created to gather together the various glossaries found in the Paper Conservation Wiki. Included so far are the glossaries from Adhesives, Hinge, Tape, and Adhesive Removal, Mold, and Written Documentation. This page may eventually be merged with the AIC Wiki Lexicon. Readers may also wish to consult CAMEO or the Ligatus Language of Bindings". Entries arranged alphabetically. Identifies which section of the Paper Conservation Wiki the term is drawn from - and where further information would be available. Very few references. Website: "The written documentation glossary is written for paper conservators, related professionals, and other persons who read written documentation created by paper conservators. The glossary's intent is to define specialized terminology used in condition and treatment reports which is not defined in general dictionaries, either adequately or at all. While a completely standardized vocabulary does not yet exist in the field, this glossary is an attempt to gather terms in general use and their meanings. Some terms are more widely used than others, and usage may vary according to individual conservators. Not included in the glossary are terms describing artist's techniques and media which have been well covered in a growing body of literature, such as William Ivins, How Prints Look, Felix Brunner, A Handbook of Graphic Reproduction Processes, Paul Goldman, Looking at Prints, Drawings and Watercolours, etc. "

The AAT is a thesaurus containing generic terms, dates, relationships, sources, and notes for work types, roles, materials, styles, cultures, techniques, and other concepts related to art, architecture, and other cultural heritage (e.g., amphora, oil paint, olieverf, acetolysis, sintering, orthographic drawings, Olmeca, Rinascimento, Buddhism, watercolors, asa-no-ha-toji, sralais). "The four Getty vocabularies are intended to provide terminology and other information about the objects, artists, concepts, and places important to various disciplines that specialize in art, architecture, and material culture. The AAT contains generic terms; it contains no iconographic subjects and no proper names. That is, each concept is a case of many (a generic thing), not a case of one (a specific thing). For example, the generic term cathedral is in the AAT, but the specific proper name Chartres Cathedral is out of scope for the AAT (it would be included in CONA instead)." Search field - scope note, other terms, hierarchical position, references

Controlled Vocabularies for Use in Rare Book and Special Collections Cataloging, developed and maintained by the Bibliographic Standards Committee of the Rare Books and Manuscripts Section (ACRL/ALA). These thesauri provide standardized vocabulary for retrieving special collections materials by form, genre, or by various physical characteristics that are typically of interest to researchers and special collections librarians, and for relating materials to individuals or corporate bodies. Binding terms thesauri: option to search alphabetically or hierarchically. "The Alphabetical List contains unapproved terms and references. To determine whether a term is approved and to determine appropriate usage as described in the Scope Note the full term record must be consulted." RBMS produce 6 thesauri: Binding Terms; Genre Terms; Paper Terms; Printing & Publishing Evidence; Provenance Evidence; Type Evidence. Examining here: Binding Terms; Genre Terms; Paper Terms

The thesaurus reflects the nature of the British Museum collections, and was originally set up as an internal reference tool. Some areas of terminology may be more specific than others, depending on the level of documentation available, or the size of particular collections.

ROBERTS, M., ETHERINGTON, D., & BROWN, M. R. (1982). Bookbinding and the conservation of books: a dictionary of descriptive terminology. Entries arranged alphabetically. References at the end of each entry. Small number of images at end. Search facility. References via link. Preface: " Although this dictionary is intended first and foremost for those actively involved in one or more aspects of the overall field of bookbinding and book conservation, including bookbinders, conservators of library and archival materials, and the like, it is perhaps no less intended for those working in related fields, such as bibliography and librarianship, where the many terms and expressions relating to the overall field may be less familiar and even more confusing... The definitions themselves, .., were, whenever possible, drawn from the most authoritative sources available (as indicated by the number in parentheses at the end of a definition, which refers to the Sources and Bibliography section) and supplemented by the experience of the authors. Even though the bibliography and sources cited represent but a relatively small segment of the extensive corpus of literature in the field of conservation, we believe they provide a reasonably good sampling and may benefit the reader by offering an authoritative source for the terms and sometimes providing a source for further investigation. Definitions that do not cite a source are entirely the responsibility of the authors. Where a term has more than one definition, each is numbered and arranged in its descending order of significance in relation to bookbinding."

CAMEO is a searchable information resource developed by the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. The MATERIALS database contains chemical, physical, visual, and analytical information on historic and contemporary materials used in the production and conservation of artistic, architectural, archaeological, and anthropological materials. Use Search Field. Entries arranged alphabetically. In addition to materials database: "Also includes FRIL (Fiber Reference Image Library) is a database of images of textile fibers acquired through the use of multiple microscopic techniques (brightfield, darkfield, polarized light, and differential interference contrast) to provide complementary information contributing to identification and characterization." Also DYE ANALYSIS section of CAMEO. "This new resource is seminal to the scientific art analysis world because it provides critical analytical parameters for the analysis of synthetic and natural dyes using state-of-the-art liquid chromatographic and mass spectrometric equipment. The site is organized into categories of Natural and Synthetic Dyes with sub-categories of dyes found on cultural artifacts."

Website: "This Note explains the terminology used by conservators in condition reports for paintings. It will help museum personnel write and maintain accurate condition report records. For detailed information on examination and condition reporting, refer to CCI Notes 10/6 Condition Reporting — Paintings. Part I: Introduction and 10/7 Condition Reporting — Paintings. Part II: Examination Techniques and a Checklist. Technical terms used in other CCI Series 10 Notes are also defined in this glossary." Listed on one page. Terms are listed alphabetically; followed by their French translation; terms within a definition that are in bold letters can be found as entries in the glossary; “Other term(s)” provides synonyms for the term being defined; “See also” refers to one or many related terms; “See” refers to the term under which the concept is defined; a French–English index, in alphabetical order of French terms, is provided at the end

ASH, N., HOMOLKA, S., LUSSIER, S., POLLAK, R., SPAULDING, E., & WOLCOTT, R. (2014). Descriptive terminology for works of art on paper: guidelines for the accurate and consistent description of the materials and techniques of drawings, prints, and collages. Guidelines for the accurate and consistent description of the materials and techniques of drawings, prints, and collages. Philadelphia Museum of Art summary: "The guidelines presented in this e-publication address the need for more accurate and consistent documentation of the materials and techniques used to create works of art on paper, and are designed to provide museum professionals charged with describing prints and drawings with a step by step approach to describing all aspects of their manufacture. No detailed guide for this has previously existed. Works of art on paper - Western tradition. "Descriptive Terminology provides a step-by-step approach to identifying and recording information about the materials and manufacture of works of art on paper, and to recording, updating, and adapting media descriptions stored in collections databases. Its users—conservators, curators, registrars, catalogers, and others charged with accurately describing artworks— will bring different levels of knowledge and connoisseurship to the task. The guidelines contained in this publication are intended to help any of them write more meaningful and accurate descriptions through the use of consistent terminology and syntax, regardless of the level of detail ascertained about an artwork. While Descriptive Terminology focuses on art on paper in the Western tradition, many of its guidelines will likely have more universal application." Conservators, curators and other users bring different types of knowledge and connoisseurship to the task, and the publication also aims to guide those with less experience or without direct access to the physical artworks in recording information that is accurate regardless of level of detail. Another goal is to facilitate recording materials information in museum collections databases – a primary source for collections information on the web. We hope that the impact of Descriptive Terminology for Works of Art on Paper will be to: Provide a comprehensive resource for professionals in the fine arts Enhance the ability of conservators to communicate their knowledge about the material aspects of works of art on paper Contribute to the education and visual experience of the online and museum visitor 182 pages. Part I: Recording, Accessing, and Adapting Media Descriptions, Part II: Rules of Syntax, Part III: Identification and Characterization of Materials and Techniques. Appendix 1 - guidelines (for cataloguing) summary. Appendix 2 - images.

BUCHER, W. W. (1996). Dictionary of building preservation. New York [etc.], Preservation Press. Introduction: "[This book] is intended to serve two main purposes: first, to clarify the specialized terms used in the preservation field in the United States and Canada; and second, to allow a recorder to fully describe a historic resource". Alphabetical list, linked terms in scope notes highlighted in bold

Nogueira (ed.) (1988). Glossary of Basic Archival and Library Conservation Terms. English with equivalents in Spanish, German, Italian, French and Russian. ICA (International Counciil on Archives) Handbooks Series Volume 4. Introduction: "This Glossary is a first attempt to fill what has been perceived by the Conservation and Restoration Committee of the International Council on Archives as a serious gap in the range of publications available to archivists, librarians, and conservators on the all-important subject of archive and library conservation." Alphabetically listed, short scope note, translation of English term into five other languages

"Graphics Atlas is a sophisticated resource that presents a unique, object-based approach for the identification and characterization of prints and photographs. Includes visual guides for colour, deterioration, etc." This includes a controlled vocabulary. Divided into four processes - pre-photographic, photomechanical, photographic, digital. Each then subdivided. Very detailed scope notes and images.

The purpose of this is to propose a multilingual terminology system relating to the Council of Europe Conventions in the field of heritage. "The purpose of this is to propose a multilingual terminology system relating to the Council of Europe Conventions in the field of heritage. t allows for a better understanding of concepts, broadening or refining one's knowledge of the subject through the interplay of hierarchical and relational links between terms. It is intended to help the HEREIN system user to navigate through heritage policy reports and provides access to national experiences or policies with different names for the same concept. For ease of reference, the system is presented in two parts:a specialized glossary in various languages;a thesaurus on the domain in various languages. The construction of the thesaurus respects the ISO 2788 and 5964 norms on the construction of thesauri, but places all languages on the same position, thus avoiding placing one language in a position of prestige or superiority over the others." No scope notes. Word lists only. Glossary available in PDF in Bulgarian, Croatian, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovenian, Spanish. Thesaurus has Between 500 and 600 words per language are divided into 9 groups: Organisations and intervenants; Categories of cultural property; Documentation systems; Legislative system; Interventions; Economic and financial system; Training, trades and skills; Communication and awareness-raising; General concepts

COMITÉ SCIENTIFIQUE INTERNATIONAL PIERRE, & VERGÈS-BELMIN, V. (2010). Illustrated glossary on stone deterioration patterns. Paris, ICOMOS. (ICOMOS) "The ISCS glossary constitutes an important tool for scientific discussions on decay phenomena and processes. It is also an excellent basis for tutorials on stone deterioration. It is based on the careful examination of pre-existing glossaries of English terms. It does not aim at replacing these glossaries, often set up originally in a language other than English, and for most of them done to a high standard." "The glossary is arranged into 6 families composed of 2 to 11 terms : General terms, Crack and deformation, Detachment, Features induced by material loss, Discoloration and deposit, Biological colonization."

DOHERTY, T., & WOOLLETT, A. T. (2009). Looking at paintings: a guide to technical terms. Los Angeles, J. Paul Getty Museum. Presents concise and readable glossary of the technical terms most often countered by museum-goers. This new edition pays special attention to the processes and methods of paintings conservation; it also offers definitions and examples of materials and techniques--such as color field and collage--that did not appear in the earlier volume. With illustrations, all in color, that have been specially chosen from the masterpieces in the J. Paul Getty Museum and other collections, this book will be invaluable to all those wishing to increase their understanding and enjoyment of the art of painting. Foreword: " This guide is intended as a guide for the museum visitor who wishes to know more about the materials and techniques of the paintings, as well as the rerminology used to describe their visual effects". Alphabetical entries. No references in scope notes. Index of entries at end. Paintings. Preface to the revised edition: " This new edition reflects the impact of trends in the field of art history and in painitng conservation in recent years. Terms from the practice of conservation have come to infomr the discussion and interpretation of paintings in exhibitions and in didactic materials within museums today. A substantial number of terms related to condition and process, both historical and scientific, have been added to the original text."

Website:"Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging is a structured and controlled list of object terms organized in a classification system to provide a basis for indexing and cataloging collections of human-made objects. Nomenclature is used in the creation and management of object records in human history collections within museums and other organizations, and it focuses on objects relevant to North American history and culture. Nomenclature is the most extensively used museum classification and controlled vocabulary for historical and ethnological collections in North America... Nomenclature is already built into most major commercial museum collections management systems used in North America. It can also be used by museums with custom-built databases or spreadsheets and even by museums without computerized cataloging systems." Available in French and English - parallel sites, click on the one required. Hierarachy of 10 fields.: 1. Built environment objects; 2: Furnishings; 3: Personal Objects: 4: Tools & Equipment for Materials 5: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology; 6: Tools & Equipment for Communication; 7: Distribution & Transportation Objects; 08: Communication Objects; 9: Recreational Objects; 10: Unclassifiable Objects Partly matched to the Getty AAT.